WHO Guidelines on Hand Hygiene in Health Care

WHO Guidelines on Hand Hygiene in Health Care Author World Health Organization
ISBN-10 9241597909
Release 2009
Pages 262
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The WHO Guidelines on Hand Hygiene in Health Care provide health-care workers (HCWs), hospital administrators and health authorities with a thorough review of evidence on hand hygiene in health care and specific recommendations to improve practices and reduce transmission of pathogenic microorganisms to patients and HCWs. The present Guidelines are intended to be implemented in any situation in which health care is delivered either to a patient or to a specific group in a population. Therefore, this concept applies to all settings where health care is permanently or occasionally performed, such as home care by birth attendants. Definitions of health-care settings are proposed in Appendix 1. These Guidelines and the associated WHO Multimodal Hand Hygiene Improvement Strategy and an Implementation Toolkit (http://www.who.int/gpsc/en/) are designed to offer health-care facilities in Member States a conceptual framework and practical tools for the application of recommendations in practice at the bedside. While ensuring consistency with the Guidelines recommendations, individual adaptation according to local regulations, settings, needs, and resources is desirable. This extensive review includes in one document sufficient technical information to support training materials and help plan implementation strategies. The document comprises six parts.

Hand Hygiene

Hand Hygiene Author Didier Pittet
ISBN-10 9781118846803
Release 2017-05-03
Pages 456
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The first comprehensive, authoritative review of one of the most fundamental and important issues in infection control and patient safety, hand hygiene. Developed and presented by the world's leading scholar-clinicians, Hand Hygiene is an essential resource for all medical professionals. Developed and presented by the world leaders in this fundamental topic Fully integrates World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines and policies Offers a global perspective in tackling hand hygiene issues in developed and developing countries Coverage of basic and highly complex clinical applications of hand hygiene practices Includes novel and unusual aspects and issues in hand hygiene such as religious and cultural aspects and patient participation Offers guidance at the individual, institutional, and organizational levels for national and worldwide hygiene promotion campaigns

Impact of Hand Washing Education on Hospital Acquired Infections

Impact of Hand Washing Education on Hospital Acquired Infections Author Harriet S. Katongole
ISBN-10 OCLC:953846076
Release 2014
Pages 40
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Based on the research studies, Hospital Acquired Infections (HAI) according to the World Health Organization (WHO,) review of scientific data related to hand hygiene (2009), in the industrialized countries 5-15% is claimed by HAI of inpatients and affects 9-37% of those admitted to intensive care units (ICUs). HAI's are responsible for prolonged hospital stays due to complications such as MRSA leading to costly treatments. Most of the deadly pathogens are carried by the healthcare from one patient to another or from one place to another if proper hand hygiene is not observed. However compliance of washing hands remains low or poor among healthcare workers. In published studies suggest that, on average, compliance with hand hygiene is around 40% (WHO Guidelines on hand hygiene in health care). Education about hand hygiene remains the main factor to reinforce the prevention of hospital-acquired infections. The process of education is based on Health Belief Model a conceptual framework that describes a person's behavior as an expression of health beliefs. This is where one focuses on individual's perception of risks and benefits that can change in health related behavior such as washing hands. There are several components of the model including susceptibility, severity, benefits and barriers. An education program to motivate health workers should be initiated to improve washing hands to prevent HAI. Providing regular training on the importance of hand hygiene using " My 5 Moments for hand hygiene" approach and the correct procedures of hand rubbing and hand washing to all health workers. (WHO, 2005) By providing the tools to support health care workers and others responsible for improving patient safety at the national and local levels WHO Patient Safety hopes to see compliance increase in each country of the world from its current Impact of Hand Washing Education on Hospital Acquired Infection baseline. The goal is to promote hand hygiene and increase awareness of Hospital Acquired Infections through education Evidenced Based programs.

F hrungsverhalten und H ndehygiene Beeinflussen F hrungskr fte und Rollenmodelle die H ndehygienecompliance bei medizinischem Personal

F  hrungsverhalten und H  ndehygiene  Beeinflussen F  hrungskr  fte und Rollenmodelle die H  ndehygienecompliance bei medizinischem Personal Author Barbara Kröning
ISBN-10 9783842890084
Release 2014-01
Pages 108
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Nosokomiale Infektionen haben nicht nur negative Auswirkungen auf die finanziellen Kapazitäten des Gesundheitssystem, sondern sind besonders für die Gesundheit der Betroffenen häufig mit dramatischen Folgen verbunden. Die hygienische Händedesinfektion ist das Mittel der Wahl zur Vermeidung nosokomialer Infektionen. Diverse Maßnahmen zur Verbesserung der Händehygiene wurden bereits implementiert, trotzdem ist die Compliance des medizinischen Personals weiterhin ausbaufähig. Das vorliegende Buch untersucht im Rahmen eines theoretischen Überblicks und eines systematischen Reviews den Einfluss von Führungsverhalten und Rollenmodellen auf die Compliance bei der hygienischen Händedesinfektion zur Prävention nosokomialer Infektionen. In PubMed wurden Studien identifiziert, die den Einfluss von Führungsverhalten und Rollenmodellen auf Händehygienecompliance beschreiben. Anhand definierter Ein- und Ausschlusskriterien wurden Studien zum Einfluss von Führungsverhalten und Rollenmodellen eingeschlossen.

Practical Healthcare Epidemiology

Practical Healthcare Epidemiology Author Ebbing Lautenbach
ISBN-10 9780226471044
Release 2010-03-15
Pages 484
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In recent years, issues of infection prevention and control, patient safety, and quality-of-care have become increasingly prominent in healthcare facilities. Practical Healthcare Epidemiology takes a practical, hands-on approach to these issues, addressing all aspects of infection surveillance and prevention in clear, straightforward terms. This fully revised third edition brings together the expertise of more than fifty leaders in healthcare epidemiology who provide clear, sound guidance on infection prevention and control for the full range of patients in all types of healthcare facilities, including those in settings with limited resources. A powerful resource for practitioners in any branch of medicine or public health who are involved in infection prevention and control, whether they are experienced in healthcare epidemiology or new to the field. “A handy desk reference and an up-to-date primer for trainees and experts alike” —The Journal of the American Medical Association “An essential for anyone in the field.”—Thomas R. Talbot, Chief Hospital Epidemiologist, Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Non Interpretive Skills for Radiology Case Review

Non Interpretive Skills for Radiology  Case Review Author David M. Yousem
ISBN-10 9780323473743
Release 2016-09-14
Pages 208
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The only review book of its kind, David M. Yousem’s Non-Interpretive Skills prepares you for exam questions on every aspect of radiology that does not involve reading and interpreting images: communication, quality and safety, ethics, leadership, data management, business principles, analytics, statistics, and more. Ideal for residents and practitioners alike, this unique study tool contains hundreds of questions, answers, and rationales that cover the entire range of NIS content on the credentialing boards and MOC exams. Your exam preparation isn’t complete without it! Exclusive test preparation on every NIS area, including business, ethics, safety, quality improvement, resuscitation techniques, and medications used by radiologists. 600 multiple-choice questions with answers and rationales provide a practical and solid foundation for exams and clinical practice. Author David M. Yousem, MD, MBA and his colleagues at the Johns Hopkins Department of Radiology share years of expertise in radiology education, quality assurance, and business topics. A single, easy-to-use source for thorough review of the NIS topics you’ll encounter on exams and in your radiology practice.

Introduction to Health Care Delivery

Introduction to Health Care Delivery Author Robert L. McCarthy
ISBN-10 9781449647063
Release 2011-06-02
Pages 648
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Introduction to Health Care Delivery: A Primer for Pharmacists, Fifth Edition provides students with a current and comprehensive overview of the U.S. health care delivery system from the perspective of the pharmacy profession. Each thoroughly updated chapter of this best-selling text includes real-world case studies, learning objectives, chapter review questions, questions for further discussion, and updated key topics and terms. New and expanded topics include public health, pharmacoepidemiology, cultural competence, and leadership. Patient-Provider dialogues are also included to help students apply key concepts. Instructor Resources include a Transition Guide, PowerPoint Presentations, and an Instructor's Manual. Key Features Case Scenario per Chapter Learning Objectives Chapter Review Questions Doctor/Patient Scripts Questions for Further Discussion References Each new textbook includes an online code to access the Student Resources available on the Companion Website. Online access may also be purchased separately. *Please note: Electronic/eBook formats do not include access to the Companion Website."

Fundamentals of Nursing Care

Fundamentals of Nursing Care Author Marti A Burton
ISBN-10 9780803643888
Release 2014-10-10
Pages 1057
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Take a fresh, new approach to nursing fundamentals that teaches students how to think, learn, and do while they make the ‘connections’ each step of the way.

Vaccinophobia and Vaccine Controversies of the 21st Century

Vaccinophobia and Vaccine Controversies of the 21st Century Author Archana Chatterjee
ISBN-10 9781461474388
Release 2013-06-25
Pages 500
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Vaccinophobia and Vaccine Controversies of the 21st Century Archana Chatterjee, editor Once hailed as a medical miracle, vaccination has come under attack from multiple fronts, including occasionally from within medicine. And while the rates of adverse reactions remain low, suggestions that vaccines can cause serious illness (and even death) are inspiring parents to refuse routine immunizations for their children--ironically, exposing them and others to potentially serious illness. Vaccinophobia and Vaccine Controversies of the 21st Century explains clearly how this state of affairs came into being, why it persists, and how healthcare professionals can best respond. Current findings review answers to bedrock questions about known adverse events, what vaccine additives are used for, and real and perceived risks involved in immunization. Perspectives representing pediatricians, family practitioners, nurses, parents, pharmacy professionals, the CDC, and the public health community help the reader sort out legitimate from irrational concerns. In-depth analyses discuss the possibility of links with asthma, cancer, Guillain-Barre syndrome, SIDS, and, of course, autism. Included in the coverage: Communicating vaccine risks and benefits The vaccine misinformation landscape in family medicine Perceived risks from live viral vaccines The media's role in vaccine misinformation Autoimmunity, allergies, asthma, and a relationship to vaccines Vaccines and autism: the controversy that won't go away The conundrums described here are pertinent to practitioners in pediatrics, family medicine, primary care, and nursing to help families with informed decision making. In addition, Vaccinophobia and Vaccine Controversies of the 21st Century should be read by trainees and researchers in child development and maternal and child health as the book's issues will have an impact on future generations of children and their families.

Hygiene Aufkl rung im Spannungsfeld zwischen Medizin und Gesellschaft

Hygiene Aufkl  rung im Spannungsfeld zwischen Medizin und Gesellschaft Author Hans Werner Ingensiep
ISBN-10 9783495818305
Release 2017-03-02
Pages 360
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Aktuelle Schätzungen in Deutschland sprechen von mehr als einer Million Krankenhaus-Infektionen jährlich, wovon ca. 30.000 tödlich verlaufen. Die steigenden Zahlen zeigen, dass alle Dimensionen der Aufklärung über Hygiene gefordert sind – biomedizinische, gesundheitsökonomische, rechtliche, mediale, historische und philosophische Perspektiven: Was ist also Aufklärung über Hygiene? Viele Fragen stellen sich: Wie ist die aktuelle medizinische Lage der Krankenhaushygiene? Welche Art von Information und Kommunikation bietet die aktuelle Aufklärung über Hygiene? Wie geht man mit persönlichen Hygiene-Tabus oder mit Formen der Stigmatisierung nach Infektionen (z.B. Aids) um? Welche Art von Aufklärung bieten die Sprachen der „Experten“ und „Laien“? Welche religiösen und kulturellen Dimensionen der Reinheit sind tangiert? Auf welche Probleme stößt westliche Aufklärungsart in anderen Kulturen?

Safe Management of Wastes from Health Care Activities

Safe Management of Wastes from Health Care Activities Author World Health Organization
ISBN-10 9789241548564
Release 2014
Pages 308
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This is the second edition of the World Health Organization (WHO) handbook on the safe, sustainable and affordable management of health-care waste - commonly known as "the Blue Book". The original Blue Book was a comprehensive publication used widely in health-care centres and government agencies to assist in the adoption of national guidance. It also provided support to committed medical directors and managers to make improvements and presented practical information on waste-management techniques for medical staff and waste workers. In many countries, knowledge about the potential for harm from health-care wastes has now become more prominent to governments, medical practitioners and civil society. Increasingly, managers and medical staff are expected to take more responsibility for the wastes they produce from their medical care and related activities. The indiscriminate and erratic handling and disposal of waste within health-care facilities is now widely recognized as a source of avoidable infection, and is synonymous with public perception of poor standards of health care.

Disinfection and Decontamination

Disinfection and Decontamination Author Gurusamy Manivannan
ISBN-10 1420008455
Release 2007-10-04
Pages 512
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In the battle between humans and microbes, knowledge may be not only the best weapon but also the best defense. Pulling contributions from 34 experts into a unified presentation, Disinfection and Decontamination: Principles, Applications, and Related Issues provides coverage that is both sophisticated and practical. The book reviews the fundamentals, explores the interdisciplinary nature of the science, and includes discussions of regulatory and legal issues. While the chapters present in depth coverage of infections in hospitals, they also widen their scope to include laboratories outside the healthcare environment. Based on practical experience, the volume examines recent advances in the research, development, and applications for disinfection and decontamination in many different settings. The chapters address, and supply insight into, the issues found with infectious disease, devices and new materials for implantation, principles, mechanisms, testing methods and strategies, and various applications. They also cover current research and best practice for ways to reduce infection caused by devices. The book’s emphasis on new technologies highlights the need for safer biocides and microbiological concerns in the manufacturing environment. The broad focus combined with the global, interdisciplinary panel of authors gives you a snapshot of disease transmission, perspectives on infectious challenges and solutions in a global perspective, and an understanding of global governance. The book offers in depth information on specific topics and an understanding of the fundamentals, giving you a starting point and precise information for resolving problems.

Infection Control Update An Issue of Perioperative Nursing Clinics

Infection Control Update  An Issue of Perioperative Nursing Clinics Author George Allen
ISBN-10 9781455700547
Release 2010-12-09
Pages 121
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This issue of Perioperative Nursing Clinics, Guest Edited by George Allen, features subject topics such as: OR Attire's Potential for Infection Transmission; Strategies for Preventing Sharps Injuries; Managing Patients with MDROs – Implementing Isolation Procedures in the Perioperative Setting; Anesthesia Care Providers – Identifying/Mitigating Potential for Infection Transmission; Urinary Catheter Insertion and Care in the Perioperative Setting; Hand Hygiene and the Surgical Team; Outlining Effective Strategies for Preventing SSI; Environmental Sanitation – Review of New Technologies; Reprocessing Instruments: Focus on Eye Surgery and TASS (Toxic Anterior Segment Syndrome); Skin Prepping to Maximize Positive Outcomes; Improving the process of supplying instruments from central processing to the OR using the LEAN method; Using Performance Improvement Methodology in Finding the Cause of Increase Biological Cultures in the Operating Room and Solutions for Corrections.

Innate Immune System of Skin and Oral Mucosa

Innate Immune System of Skin and Oral Mucosa Author Nava Dayan
ISBN-10 1118025326
Release 2011-06-09
Pages 384
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An in-depth look at cutting-edge research on the body's innate immune system Innate immunity is the body's first line of protection against potential microbial, viral, and environmental attacks, and the skin and oral mucosa are two of the most powerful barriers that which we rely on to stay well. The definitive book on the subject, Innate Immune System of Skin and Oral Mucosa: Properties and Impact in Pharmaceutics, Cosmetics, and Personal Care Products provides a comprehensive overview of these systems, including coverage of antimicrobial peptides and lipids and microbial challenges and stressors that can influence innate immunity. Designed to help experts and newcomers alike in fields like dermatology, oral pathology, cosmetics, personal care, and pharmaceuticals, the book is filled with suggestions to assist research and development. Looking at the many challenges facing the innate immune system, including the impact of topically applied skin products and medications, Innate Immune System of Skin and Oral Mucosa paves the way for next generation treatment avenues, preventative approaches, and drug development.

Biofilms in Infection Prevention and Control

Biofilms in Infection Prevention and Control Author Steven L. Percival
ISBN-10 9780123977519
Release 2014-01-30
Pages 394
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Biofilms in Infection and Disease Control: A Healthcare Handbook outlines the scientific evidence and rationale for the prevention of infection, the role biofilms play in infection control, and the issues concerning their resistance to antimicrobials. This book provides practical guidance for healthcare and infection control professionals, as well as students, for preventing and controlling infection. Biofilms are the most common mode of bacterial growth in nature. Highly resistant to antibiotics and antimicrobials, biofilms are the source of more than 65 percent of health care associated infections (HCAI), which, according to the WHO, affect 1.4 million people annually. Biofilms are involved in 80 percent of all microbial infections in the body, including those associated with medical devices such as catheters, endotracheal tubes, joint prostheses, and heart valves. Biofilms are also the principle causes of infections of the middle-ear, dental caries, gingivitis, prostatitis and cystic fibrosis. Importantly, biofilms also significantly delay wound healing and reduce antimicrobial efficiency in at-risk or infected skin wounds. Provides specific procedures for controlling and preventing infection Includes case studies of HCAI, and identifies appropriate treatments Presents national government standards for infection prevention and control Includes extensive references and links to websites for further information

Perioperative Safety

Perioperative Safety Author Donna S. Watson
ISBN-10 9780323081603
Release 2010-03-08
Pages 424
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The only book devoted to this increasingly important issue, Perioperative Safety helps you reduce risk in a setting where even small errors can lead to life-threatening complications. Expert author Donna Watson addresses essential safety principles and concepts, covering patient safety with topics such as the latest safety strategies and initiatives, perioperative safe medication use, preventing infections, anesthesia safety, normothermia management, and electrosurgery. Coverage of staff and workplace safety helps you minimize risk with bloodborne pathogens, latex allergy, the use of lasers, and radiation exposure. Case studies show the application of safety concepts in real-world situations. Unique! The only book devoted to the increasingly important issue of perioperative safety, where small errors can lead to life-threatening complications. Unique! Highly qualified writers are some of the leading experts in the perioperative field, so material is up to date and emphasizes the most important information. Unique! Clinical Points boxes call attention to key points in promoting safety for both patients and staff in the perioperative setting. Unique! Case studies describe real-life scenarios related to promoting patient safety. Figures and tables are used to support important content.

Best Practices in Infection Prevention and Control

Best Practices in Infection Prevention and Control Author Barbara M. Soule
ISBN-10 9781599406190
Release 2012
Pages 183
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Best Practices in Infection Prevention and Control: An International Perspective, Second Edition, a copublication of Joint Commission International and the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA), is an essential infection prevention and control (IPC) resource for health care organizations. This fully updated edition provides thorough analysis of JCI's and other IPC requirements, as well as case studies, tips, and tools for increasing IPC compliance and patient safety.